您在這裡

Taiwan's bats

Taiwan is located off the southeastern coast of the Eurasian continent, north of the Philippines and southwest of Japan’s Ryukyu island chain. An island nation, the South China Sea sits to its southwest, the Luzon Strait to its south, the Philippine Sea to its east, and the East China Sea to its north. Taiwan’s territory is comprised of Taiwan proper and its adjacent islands. It’s total size is 36,197 km2.

Located along the Tropic of Cancer, the island’s north experiences a subtropical climate after which the climate becomes more tropical further south. Its mountainous regions, which are temperate zones, experience snowfall at this time. The whole island experiences hot, rainy summers. Though a rainy season starts around May, a typhoon season lasting from July to October brings strong winds and heavy rains, contributing to the average 2,590mm of precipitation every year. Mountains and foothills make up 70% of Taiwan proper’s area. The island has one of the highest densities of mountains in the world, with 268 peaks over 3,000m; the highest being Yu Shan at 3,952m. Variations in climate created by differing elevations produce opportunities for a number of dynamic ecosystems to exist. 

This is a list of the bat species recorded in Taiwan. The bats of Taiwan include a total of 38 species, of which 11 are endemic, and 6 subendemic. Of these, 2 species are globally threatened. This taxonomic chceklist was edited from Illustrated field keys to the bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of Taiwan.

List of the 38 bat species in Taiwan with their endemism

Family

Species

Endemism

IUCN status

Status in Taiwan

Pteropodidae

Cynopterus sphinx

 

LC

n/a

Pteropus dasymallus formosus

ESS

VU

NCR

Rousettus leschenaultii

 

LC

n/a

Hipposideridae

Coelops frithii formosanus

ESS

NT

NVU

Hipposideros armiger terasensis

ESS

LC

LC

Rhinolophidae

Rhinolophus formosae

ES

LC

LC

Rhinolophus monoceros

ES

n/a

LC

Miniopteridae

Miniopterus fuliginosus

 

n/a

LC

Molossidae

Tadarida insignis

 

DD

LC

Vespertilionidae

Kerivoula furva

 

n/a

LC

Harpiocephalus harpia

 

LC

DD

Harpiola isodon

 

LC

LC

Murina bicolor

ES

LC

LC

Murina gracilis

ES

LC

LC

Murina puta

ES

LC

LC

Murina recondita

ES

LC

LC

Myotis fimbriatus taiwanensis

ESS

LC

LC

Myotis formosus flavus

ESS

NT

NVU

Myotis frater

 

LC

LC

Myotis laniger

 

LC

LC

Myotis pilosus

 

VU

n/a

Myotis rufoniger

 

LC

LC

Myotis secundus

ES

LC

LC

Myotis soror

ES

DD

DD

Submyotodon latirostris

ES

LC

LC

Thainycteris torquatus

ES

LC

LC

Barbastella darjelingensis

 

LC

LC

Eptesicus pachyomus horikawai

ESS

LC

LC

Hypsugo pulveratus

 

LC

DD

Nyctalus plancyi velutinus

 

LC

LC

Pipistrellus abramus

 

LC

LC

Pipistrellus sp.1

 

n/a

LC

Pipistrellus sp.2

 

n/a

LC

Pipistrellus sp.3

 

n/a

n/a

Plecotus taivanus

ES

NT

LC

Scotophilus kuhlii

 

LC

LC

Scotophilus heathii

 

LC

n/a

Vespertilio sinensis

 

LC

NEN

Abbreviations: ES—endemic species | ESS—endemic subspecies | DD—Data Deficient | LC—Least Concern | NT—Near Threatened
| VU—Vulnerable | NCR—Nationally Critical | NEN—Nationally Endangered | NVU—Nationally Vulnerable | n/a—not available.

Pteropus dasymallus formosus (by Ching-Long Lin)
Rhinolophus formosae (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Rhinolophus monoceros (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Hipposideros armiger terasensis (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Coelops frithii formosanus (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Miniopterus fuliginosus (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Tadarida insignis (by Ying-Yi Ho)
Murina puta (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Harpiola isodon (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Murina bicolor (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Myotis frater (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Myotis fimbriatus taiwanensis (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Myotis secundus (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Myotis laniger (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Myotis formosus flavus (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Myotis rufoniger (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Pipistrellus sp. (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Scotophilus kuhlii (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Kerivoula furva (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Plecotus taivanus (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Barbastella darjelingensis (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Submyotodon latirostris (by Ying-Yi Ho)
Nyctalus plancyi velutinus (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Eptesicus pachyomus horikawai (by Heng-Chia Chang)
Thainycteris torquatus (by Heng-Chia Chang)
本系統已提升網路傳輸加密等級,IE8及以下版本將無法支援。為維護網路交易安全性,請升級或更換至右列其他瀏覽器。